A Blockchain-based Halal Certificate Recording and Verification Prototype

Anak Agung Gde Agung - School of Applied Science, Telkom University, Bandung, Indonesia
Heru Nugroho - School of Applied Science, Telkom University, Bandung, Indonesia
Robbi Hendriyanto - School of Applied Science, Telkom University, Bandung, Indonesia

Citation Format:

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30630/joiv.6.2.995


Halal certification assures that a product or a service has been created, processed, and delivered according to Islamic laws. Currently, the certificate is printed on a security paper and includes a QR code that can be used to verify the certificate online. However, there are some problems with the ongoing certificate verification process. The verification site is centralized, creating a single point of failure. The current verification system is also unable to detect the modified printed certificate. The research aims to propose an alternative halal certificate recording and verification system. A smart contract that runs on the Ethereum blockchain is developed and deployed for that purpose. As a result, the average certificate creation cost is US$20.035, and the process requires 5.75 seconds, while verification is free, and the result can be obtained in about one second. Utilizing the blockchain to store and verify the halal certificate increases trust in the product or service since once the data is stored, it cannot be changed and accessible to the public. Nodes around the world replicate the blockchain to ensure service availability. For future consideration, the system can be extended to automate and track the halal application process and integrated as an alternative to the current system by implementing multiple signatures in the smart contract for each party. Furthermore, the system can be integrated with a peer-to-peer sharing system such as IPFS to store the digital certificate


Ethereum; Smart Contract; Halal Certificate

Full Text:



Presiden Republik Indonesia, Undang-Undang No. 33 Tahun 2014 tentang Jaminan Produk Halal, 2014.

Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional/ Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional, "Masterplan Ekonomi Syariah Indonesia 2019-2024: Hasil Kajian Analisis Ekonomi Syariah di Indonesia," Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional/ Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional, Jakarta, 2018.

A. Nurcahyo and H. Hudrasyah, "The Influence of Halal Awareness, Halal Certification, and Personal Societal Perception Toward Purchase Intention: a Study of Instant Noodle Consumption of College Student in Bandung.," Journal of Business and Management, vol. 6, no. 1, 2017.

H. M. Putri, M. Dachyar and R. Nurcahyo, "Measuring Service Quality of Halal Certification in Indonesia Food Industry using Fuzzy-SERVQUAL Method for Service Quality Improvement," in 11th Annual International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, Singapore, 2021.

N. A. Wahab, F. Shahwahid and N. Ab Hamid, "Issues, Challenges and Strength of The Halal Industry In Singapore: Muis's Experience," in 2nd International Conference on Economics & Banking.

S. Nakamoto, "Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System," 2008.

P. D. Filippia, M. Mannan and W. Reijers, "Blockchain as a confidence machine: The problem of trust & challenges of governance," Technology in Society, vol. 62, 2020.

F. Hawlitschek, B. Notheisen and T. Teubner, "The limits of trust-free systems: a literature review on blockchain technology and trust in the sharing economy," Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, vol. 29, 2018.

N. Szabo, "Smart Contract," 1994.

N. Szabo, Smart Contracts: Building Blocks for Digital Markets, 1996.

V. Buterin, A Next-Generation Smart Contract and Decentralized Application Platform.

W. Cai, Z. Wang, J. B. Ernst and Z. Hong, "Decentralized Applications: The Blockchain-Empowered Software System," IEEE Access, vol. 6, 2018.

A. A. G. Agung and R. Handayani, "Blockchain for smart grid," Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences, 2020.

G. Chen, B. Xu, M. Lu and N.-S. Chen, "Exploring blockchain technology and its potential applications for education," Smart Learning Environments, vol. 5, no. 1, 2018.

M. Gaynor, J. Tuttle-Newhall, J. Parker, A. Patel and C. Tang, "Adoption of Blockchain in Health Care," Journal of Medical Internet Research, vol. 22, no. 9, 2020.

M. K. Anwar, A. Fahrullah and A. A. Ridlwan, "The Problems of Halal Certification for Food Industry In Indonesia," International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET), vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 1625-1632, 2018.

G. R. Chandra, I. Ali and B. K. Sharma, "Blockchain Redefining: The Halal Food Sector," in 2019 Amity International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AICAI), Dubai, 2019.

M. Nasir, A. Norman, S. Fauzi and M. Azmi, "An RFID-Based Validation System for Halal Food," The International Arab Journal of Information Technology, vol. 8, no. 2, 2011.

M. S. b. Hashim, "Mobile Application on Halal Status Checking," Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, 2013.

H. Arshad, W. K. Obeidy, S. A. b. A. Shukri and R. Z. Abidin, "An Interactive Application for Halal Products Identification based on Augmented Reality," International Journal on Advanced Science Engineering and Information Technology, vol. 7, no. 1, 2017.

IPFS Documentation, "Persistence, permanence, and pinning," [Online]. Available: https://docs.ipfs.io/concepts/persistence/#garbage-collection. [Accessed 12 12 2021].

G. Bertoni, J. Daemen, M. Peeters and G. V. Assche, The Keccak SHA-3 Submission, 2011.

A. A. G. Agung, R. G. Dillak, D. R. Suchendra and R. H., "Proof of Work: Energy Inefficiency and Profitability," Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, vol. 97, no. 5, pp. 1623-1633, 2019.

X. Yue, H. Wang, D. Jin, M. Li and W. Jiang, "Healthcare Data Gateways: Found Healthcare Intelligence," Journal of Medical System, vol. 40, no. 218, 2016.

Y. Chen, S. Ding, Z. Xu, H. Zheng and S. Yang, "Blockchain-Based Medical Records Secure Storage and Medical," Journal of Medical Systems, vol. 43, no. 5, 2019.

T. R. Reddy, P. V. G. D. P. Reddy, R. Srinivas, C. V. Raghavendran, R. V. S. Lalitha and B. Annapurna, "Proposing a reliable method of securing and verifying the credentials of graduates through blockchain," EURASIP Journal on Information Security, vol. 7, 2021.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

JOIV : International Journal on Informatics Visualization
ISSN 2549-9610  (print) | 2549-9904 (online)
Organized by Department of Information Technology - Politeknik Negeri Padang, and Institute of Visual Informatics - UKM and Soft Computing and Data Mining Centre - UTHM
W : http://joiv.org
E : joiv@pnp.ac.id, hidra@pnp.ac.id, rahmat@pnp.ac.id

View JOIV Stats

Creative Commons License is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.