Performance Evaluation of Successive Interference Cancellation on Gain Ratio Power Allocation using Underwater Visible Light Communication Channel

Luthfi Nur'Adli - Telkom University, Bandung, 40257, Indonesia
Arfianto Fahmi - Telkom University, Bandung, 40257, Indonesia
Brian Pamukti - Telkom University, Bandung, 40257, Indonesia

Citation Format:



Underwater Visible light communication (UVLC) is a network communication wirelessly where information is transmitted employing light through visible waves; in this case, the light source comes from a light-emitting diode (LED) as a transmitter underwater. VLC has several advantages over radio frequency technology, such as safer communication because light propagation cannot penetrate the wall, so it is difficult to do hacking, easy to get a license, relatively build cheap cost, and has no side effects on health. However, VLC has several limitations, one of which is the narrow bandwidth modulation. VLC undergoes a distribution of modulated bandwidth to allocate against each user. This bandwidth sharing has an impact on reduced system capacity. This study applied non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) to increase system capacity. This research analyzes the performance of the two best power allocation methods in a water medium, including gain ratio power allocation (GRPA) and static power allocation (SPA). In the results obtained in the NOMA-UVLC power allocation value, GRPA is more stable than SPA power allocation. Then applying residue in the successive interference cancellation (SIC) process will result in a decrease in system capacity compared to no residue in the SIC process. This study found that the GRPA power allocation is more stable in capacity performance compared to the application of SPA power allocation. Average capacity increase of 48.5% in GRPA power allocation


Underwater Visible Light Communication; NOMA, GRPA; SPA; Successive Interference Cancellation.

Full Text:



M. Farhan, D. Darlis, and A. Ramdhan, “Perancangan Dan Implementasi Komunikasi Suara Pada Sistem Bi-directional Underwater Visible Light Communication Menggunakan Led Biru | Farhan | eProceedings of Applied Science.” (accessed Jun. 07, 2022).

L. E. M. Matheus, A. B. Vieira, L. F. M. Vieira, M. A. M. Vieira, and O. Gnawali, "Visible Light Communication: Concepts, Applications and Challenges," IEEE Communications Surveys and Tutorials, vol. 21, no. 4, pp. 3204–3237, Oct. 2019, doi: 10.1109/COMST.2019.2913348.

M. Figueiredo, L. N. Alves, and C. Ribeiro, "Lighting the Wireless World: The Promise and Challenges of Visible Light Communication," IEEE Consumer Electronics Magazine, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 28–37, Oct. 2017, doi: 10.1109/MCE.2017.2714721.

R. Mulyawan et al., "A comparative study of optical concentrators for visible light communications,", vol. 10128, pp. 142–147, Jan. 2017, doi: 10.1117/12.2252355.

H. Marshoud, V. M. Kapinas, G. K. Karagiannidis, and S. Muhaidat, "Non-orthogonal multiple access for visible light communications," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 51–54, Sep. 2015, doi: 10.1109/LPT.2015.2479600.

B. Pamukti, V. S. WP, A. Fahmi, N. M. Ardiansyah, and N. Andini, "Analaysis of water-filling random resource allocation (w-frra) for energi saving in light fidelity (lifi)." Engineering Letters, vol. 28, No. 4. 2020.

W. Shin, M. Vaezi, B. Lee, D. J. Love, J. Lee, and H. V. Poor, "Non-orthogonal multiple access in multi-cell networks: Theory, performance, and practical challenges," IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 55, no. 10, pp. 176–183, Oct. 2017, doi: 10.1109/MCOM.2017.1601065.

S. Donati, G. Mtini, and E. Randone, "Improving photodetector performance by means of microoptics concentrators," Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 661–665, 2011, doi: 10.1109/JLT.2010.2103302.

A. Benjebbour, Y. Saito, Y. Kishiyama, A. Li, A. Harada, and T. Nakamura, "Concept and practical considerations of non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) for future radio access," ISPACS 2013 - 2013 International Symposium on Intelligent Signal Processing and Communication Systems, pp. 770–774, 2013, doi: 10.1109/ISPACS.2013.6704653.

S. Sen, N. Santhapuri, R. R. Choudhury, and S. Nelakuditi, "Successive Interference Cancellation: A Back-of-the-Envelope Perspective," 2010.

G. Singh, A. Srivastava, and V. A. Bohara, "Impact of weather conditions and interference on the performance of VLC based V2V communication," International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks, vol. 2019-July, Jul. 2019, doi: 10.1109/ICTON.2019.8840164.

L. Guo et al., "You may also like Ultraviolet communication technique and its application Hadron-quark phase transition in the context of GW190814 Ishfaq A Rather, A A Usmani and S K Patra-A review of gallium nitride LEDs for multi-gigabit-per-second visible light data communications 20 Mb/s Experimental Demonstration Using Modulated 460 nm Blue LED for Underwater Wireless Optical Communications (UOWC)," J. Phys, p. 12069, 2021, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1878/1/012069.

S. Fuada, A. P. Putra, and T. Adiono, "Analysis of Received Power Characteristics of Commercial Photodiodes in Indoor Los Channel Visible Light Communi... Analysis of Received Power Characteristics of Commercial Photodiodes in Indoor Los Channel Visible Light Communication," IJACSA) International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications, vol. 8, no. 7, 2017, Accessed: Jun. 08, 2022. [Online]. Available:

M. Basha, M. J. Sibley, and P. J. Mather, "Design and implementation of a long range indoor VLC system using PWM," Annals of Emerging Technologies in Computing, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 20–27, Jan. 2019, doi: 10.33166/AETIC.2019.01.003.

M. Z. Win, P. C. Pinto, and L. A. Shepp, "A mathematical theory of network interference and its applications," Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 97, no. 2, pp. 205–230, 2009, doi: 10.1109/JPROC.2008.2008764.

Y. Liu, Z. Qin, M. Elkashlan, Z. Ding, A. Nallanathan, and L. Hanzo, "Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access for 5G and Beyond," Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 105, no. 12, pp. 2347–2381, Aug. 2018, doi: 10.48550/arxiv.1808.00277.

A. Naeem, N. U. Hassan, M. A. Pasha, C. Yuen, and A. Sikora, "Performance analysis of TDOA-based indoor positioning systems using visible LED Lights," Proceedings of the 2018 IEEE 4th International Symposium on Wireless Systems within the International Conferences on Intelligent Data Acquisition and Advanced Computing Systems, IDAACS-SWS 2018, pp. 103–107, Nov. 2018, doi: 10.1109/IDAACS-SWS.2018.8525567.

M. Doniec, I. Vasilescu, M. Chitre, C. Detweiler, M. Hoffmann-Kuhnt, and D. Rus, "AquaOptical: A lightweight device for high-rate long-range underwater point-to-point communication," MTS/IEEE Biloxi - Marine Technology for Our Future: Global and Local Challenges, OCEANS 2009, 2009, doi: 10.23919/OCEANS.2009.5422200.

Q. Li, T. Shang, T. Tang, and Z. Dong, "Optimal Power Allocation Scheme Based on Multi-Factor Control in Indoor NOMA-VLC Systems," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 82878–82887, 2019, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2924027.

S. Tao, H. Yu, Q. Li, and Y. Tang, "Performance analysis of gain ratio power allocation strategies for non-orthogonal multiple access in indoor visible light communication networks," Eurasip Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, vol. 2018, no. 1, pp. 1–14, Dec. 2018, doi: 10.1186/S13638-018-1152-Z/FIGURES/5.

F. Wang, C. Xu, and Y. Zhang, "A new modulation scheme for IR-UWB communication systems," Journal of Electronics, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 497–502, 2009, doi: 10.1007/S11767-008-0075-Y.

G. Wang, J. Zhao, L.-K. Chen, and Y. Shao, "Improved joint subcarrier and power allocation to enhance the throughputs and user fairness in indoor OFDM-NOMA VLC systems," Optics Express, Vol. 29, Issue 18, pp. 29242-29256, vol. 29, no. 18, pp. 29242–29256, Aug. 2021, doi: 10.1364/OE.440735.

N. Anous, M. Abdallah, M. Uysal, and K. Qaraqe, "Performance Evaluation of LOS and NLOS Vertical Inhomogeneous Links in Underwater Visible Light Communications," IEEE Access, vol. 6, pp. 22408–22420, Mar. 2018, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2815743.

Z. Ghassemlooy, W. Popoola, and S. Rajbhandari, Optical wireless communications: system and channel modelling with Matlab. CRC press, 2019.

J. A. Anguita, I. B. Djordjevic, M. A. Neifeld, and B. v. Vasic, "Shannon capacities and error-correction codes for optical atmospheric turbulent channels," Journal of Optical Networking, Vol. 4, Issue 9, pp. 586-601, vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 586–601, Sep. 2005, doi: 10.1364/JON.4.000586.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

JOIV : International Journal on Informatics Visualization
ISSN 2549-9610  (print) | 2549-9904 (online)
Organized by Department of Information Technology - Politeknik Negeri Padang, and Institute of Visual Informatics - UKM and Soft Computing and Data Mining Centre - UTHM
W :
E :,,

View JOIV Stats

Creative Commons License is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.