Developing Fire Evacuation Simulation Through Emotion-based BDI Methodology

Celine Haren Paschal - Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Malaysia
Cheah Wai Shiang - Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Malaysia
Sim Keng Wai - Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Malaysia
Muhammad Asyraf bin Khairuddin - Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300, Malaysia

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Fire evacuation simulation is a tool to study human behavior in dealing with fire. It has been used for safety policy management studies, building safety analysis, and human safety understanding. To date, modeling the fire evacuation behavior is paying much attention in which works have been done to design and develop building model, fire model, human decision model, and human emotion decision model. As fire evacuation simulation is important, the BDI methodology is introduced by authors to ease modeling and simulation of human behavior in a fire evacuation. Continue the success of capturing and modeling the human behavior in a fire evacuation. This paper presents the influence of human emotion in fire evacuation simulation. In this paper, the emotion-based BDI methodology is presented with a walkthrough example of how emotion can influence the human decision in a fire spreading scenario. The OCEAN model of personality is used to handle the emotional properties in the methodology. Different people have different types of personalities, which can affect both decision-making and emotion in different situations. A fire evacuation simulation is developed by using the Unity3D game engine. The simulation is created based on the emotion-based BDI methodology presented. Hence, the emotion-based BDI methodology can be used to model human behavior and emotional states in a fire evacuation. Overall, the paper introduces a new insight into how to model human behavior in fire evacuation decision-making systematically.


Emotion-based BDI; emotion modelling; Unity3D; fire evacuation simulation.

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