Implementation of an Integrated Online Class Model using Open-Source Technology and SNS

Won Ho - Div. of Electrical, electronics, and control Eng., Kongju National Univ., 56 Gongjudaehak-ro, Gongju, 31080, South Korea
Dae-Hyun Lee - Intube, Seongsui-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul, 04781, South Korea
Yong Kim - Department of e-learning, Graduate School, Korea National Open Univ., 86 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul, 03087, South Korea

Citation Format:



Before Covid-19, the class model was divided into online, offline, and blended learning. Due to Covid-19, we have the only online class environment. We need a new online class model under the new circumstances. In the new model, all technology and educational methods need to be well-adapted, organized and harmonized to compensate for the absence of offline learning sessions. In this paper, we propose a new online class model. Because of the absence of offline sessions, the model emphasizes the integration of synchronous and asynchronous activities seamlessly and effectively. The model also emphasizes the instructor's role as a content prosumer because the instructor in the new model is either reusing other's and the one's own contents or supplying those contents for others. This model uses open-source solutions or free services like Moodle, OBS, Tubestory, and Snap Camera for both budget-saving and stability purposes. It actively uses Moodle's monitoring capability and adopts various learning technologies. It consists of three activity sessions: a pre-Zoom session, a Zoom session, and a post-Zoom session. Each session is composed of modules that describe the process and action for the class. The process, methods, and techniques for each module are explained in this paper. The official students survey for class evaluation held by Kongju national university showed that the new class model's application obtained a higher score than the same class of the previous year that is performed by conventional teaching.


Synchronous learning; asynchronous learning; Moodle; class model; Zoom.

Full Text:



R. Yilmaz, “Exploring the role of e-learning readiness on student satisfaction and motivation in flipped classroom,” Computers in Human Behavior, Volume 70, pp. 251-260, May 2017, DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2016.12.085.

M. Huda et al., “Big Data Emerging Technology: Insights into Innovative Environment for Online Learning Resources,” International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 23-36, 2018, [Online]. Available;

A. D. Dumford and A. L. Miller, “Online learning in higher education: exploring advantages and disadvantages for engagement,” Journal of Computing in Higher Education, Vol. 30, pp.452–465, Apr. 2018, DOI: 10.1007/s12528-018-9179-z.

P. R. Lowenthal et al., “Live Synchronous Web Meetings in Asynchronous Online Courses: Reconceptualizing Virtual Office Hours,” Online Learning Journal, Vol. 21, No. 4, 2017, Available; DOI: 10.24059/olj.v21i4.1285.

C. Lisa and Y. Lynch, “Blending Online Asynchronous and Synchronous Learning,” International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, Vol. 15, No. 2, Apr. pp. 189–212, 2014, DOI: 10.19173/irrodl.v15i2.1778.

M. Oztok et al., “Exploring asynchronous and synchronous tool use in online courses,” Computers & Education, Vol. 60, Issue 1, pp. 87-94, 2013, DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2012.08.007.

M. M. Archibald et al., “Using Zoom Videoconferencing for Qualitative Data Collection: Perceptions and Experiences of Researchers and Participants,” International Journal of Qualitative Methods, Vol. 18, Sept. 2019, DOI: 10.1177/1609406919874596.

P. Lowenthal et al., “Thinking Beyond Zoom: Using Asynchronous Video to Maintain Connection and Engagement During the COVID-19 Pandemic,” Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. 383-391, 2020. ERIC Num.: EJ1257171.

D. H. Lee et al., “A Design and Development of the Learning Contents Management based on the Personalized Online Learning,” International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp.1321-1326, 2018, DOI: 10.18517/ijaseit.8.4.5724.

A. I. M. Elfeky et al,. “Advance organizers in flipped classroom via e-learning management system and the promotion of integrated science process skills,” Thinking Skills and Creativity, Vol. 35, March 2020, 100622, DOI: 10.1016/j.tsc.2019.100622.

H. Baytiyeh and J. Pfaffman, “Open source software: A community of altruists,” Computers in Human Behavior, Vol. 26, Issue 6, pp. 1345-1354, 2010, DOI: 10.1016/j.chb. 2010.04.008.

D. Kim et al., “Exploring student and teacher usage patterns associated with student attrition in an open educational resource-supported online learning platform,” Computer & Education, Vol. 156, Oct. 2020. DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2020.103961.

C. De Medio et al., “MoodleREC: A recommendation system for creating courses using the moodle e-learning platform,” Computers in Human Behavior, vol. 104, Oct. 2019. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2019.106168, [Online].

Singleton R., and Charlton A. "Creating H5P Content for Active Learning". Pacific Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning, Vol. 2, no. 1, Nov. 2019, pp. 13-14, doi:10.24135/pjtel.v2i1.32.

H. F. Hasan, M. Nat, and V. Z. Vanduhe, “Gamified Collaborative Environment in Moodle,” in IEEE Access, Vol. 7, pp. 89833-89844, 2019, DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2926622.

Y. Zhang et al., “Using Learning Analytics to Predict Students Performance in Moodle LMS,” International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, Vol. 15 Issue 20, pp. 102-115, 2020, DOI: 10.3991/ijet.v15i20.15915.

C. R. S. Ventura and E. García, “Data mining in course management systems: Moodle case study and tutorial,” Computers & Education, Vol. 51, Issue 1, pp. 368-384, 2008, DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2007.05.016.

J. R. A. Rodrigues et al., "iQuiz: Integrated assessment environment to improve Moodle Quiz," 2013 IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference, pp. 293-295, 2013. DOI: 10.1109/FIE.2013.6684834.

S. H. P. W. Gamage et al. “Optimising Moodle quizzes for online assessments,” International Journal of STEM Education, Vol. 6, Article No. 27, 2019, DOI: 10.1186/s40594-019-0181-4.

T. M. Blas and A. S. Fernández, “The role of new technologies in the learning process: Moodle as a teaching tool in Physics,” Computers & Education, Vol. 52, Issue 1, pp. 35-44, 2009, DOI: 10.1016/j.compedu.2008.06.005.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

JOIV : International Journal on Informatics Visualization
ISSN 2549-9610  (print) | 2549-9904 (online)
Organized by Department of Information Technology - Politeknik Negeri Padang, and Institute of Visual Informatics - UKM and Soft Computing and Data Mining Centre - UTHM
Published by Department of Information Technology - Politeknik Negeri Padang
W :
E :,,

View JOIV Stats

Creative Commons License is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.