A New Feature Extraction Approach in Classification for Improving the Accuracy in Iris Recognition

Tara Qadir - Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Parit Raja, Johor, Malaysia
Nik Taujuddin - Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Parit Raja, Johor, Malaysia
Norfaiza Fuad - Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400, Parit Raja, Johor, Malaysia

Citation Format:

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30630/joiv.7.4.01373


Personal identity is becoming increasingly vital to meet the increasing security standards of today's business society. Iris recognition is one of the most accurate biometric technologies currently in use. Iris recognition is employed in high-security sectors due to its dependability and flawless identification rates. The steps of iris identification, comprising image preparation, extraction of features, and classifier creation, are described thoroughly in the primary portion of this research. The feature extraction stage is the most important in an iris identification system since it extracts the iris's distinctive feature. Several methods have been devised to extract the various characteristics that are unique to everyone. Modern iris identification systems frequently use Gabor filters to identify iris textural characteristics. However, in the application, it is necessary to identify the appropriate Gabor modules and to generate a pattern of iris Gabor characteristics. This research aims to provide a novel multi-channel Gabor filter and Wavelet filter for breaking down and extracting iris data from two different iris datasets. Because wavelet is the most scalable method of image processing, the research investigates using it to create a unique pattern for the iris recognition system. The MATLAB program is used to implement these ideas. CASIA and MMU are the datasets used for this purpose, and their comparative analysis is addressed in the research. To show how well the method performs, experimental results are given. We demonstrate through experiments that the suggested approach results in excellent iris identification performance.


Biometric iris recognition; preprocessing; normalization; segmentation; feature extraction; wavelet; gabor filter

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