Mitigation and Emergency Management System of Landslide in Ponorogo District, Indonesia

Arif Basofi, Arna Fariza, Imam Mustafa Kamal

Abstract


Ponorogo district, in East Java Province, is one area that is often hit by landslides.  In addition to threatening the safety of residents, this landslide caused dozens of houses and public infrastructure to be damaged. The losses caused by this landslide disaster also reached billions of rupiah each year. Integrated of emergency mitigation and response systems for landslides are needed to provide information accurately and widely to the community. This paper proposes a new framework of mitigation and emergency system for landslide in Ponorogo district. The system can analyze, display, explore and store vulnerability data based on web GIS application. The information generated from the mitigation system is a landslide susceptibility map using the analytical hierarchy process (AHP) - Natural break method. The landslide susceptibility index is produced based on 4 factors that cause landslides including slope, soil type, land use and rainfall.  The map displays 4 levels of vulnerability including very low, low, moderate and high. The mitigation system is equipped with information features for the community about handling landslides.  Pearson's Chi-squared test showed the classification class of vulnerability was declared very significant result. Emergency system information in the form of alternative route information and nearest evacuation sites.

Keywords


Mitigation; emergency; landslide vulnerability; analytical hierarchy process; natural break

Full Text:

PDF

References


Suryowati, Estu, “Sepanjang 2017, BNPB Mencatat 2.175 Kejadian Bencana di Indonesia", Kompas.com, available online: https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2017/12/05/17200331/sepanjang-2017-bnpb-mencatat-2175-kejadian-bencana-di-indonesia, last visit: 03.10.2018.

Dzikry Subhanie, “Selama 2017 Terjadi 438 Bencana Longsor di Indonesia”, Sindonews.com, available online: https://daerah.sindonews.com/read/1246264/174/selama-2017-terjadi-438-bencana-longsor-di-indonesia-1507359549, last visit: 03.10.2018.

Segoni, S., Battistini, A., Rossi, G., Rosi, A., Lagomarsino, D., Catani, F., andCasagli, N. “An operational landslide early warning system at regional scale based on space–time-variable rainfall thresholds”, Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, Vol.15 No. 4, 2015, pp. 853-861.

Choi, C. E., Cui, Y., & Zhou, G. G., “Utilizing crowdsourcing to enhance the mitigation and management of landslides”, Landslides, Vol.15 No.9, 2018, pp. 1889-1899.

A. Yalcin, S. Reis, A.C. Avdinoglu, T. Yomralioglu. A GIS-based Comparative Study of Frequency Ratio, Analytical Hierarchy Process, Bivariate Statistics and Logistics Regression Methods for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping in Trabzon, NE Turkey. Journal of Catena Elsevier, Vol 85, page 274-287, 2011.

Pourghasemi, Hamid Reza, Biswajeet Pradhan, and Candan Gokceoglu. "Application of fuzzy logic and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) to landslide susceptibility mapping at Haraz watershed, Iran", Natural hazards, vol. 63, no. 2, 2012, pp. 965-996.

P. Kayastha, M.R. Dhital, F.De Smedt, “Application of the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) for Landslide Susceptibility Mapping: A Case Study from the Tinau Wathershed West Nepal”, Journal of Computers and Geosciences Elsevier, Vol 52, 2013, pp 398-408.

I. M. Kamal, A. Fariza, and A. Basofi. "Assessment of landslide susceptibility area in Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia using analytical hierarchy process." In The Fourth Indonesian-Japanese Conference on Knowledge Creation and Intellegent Computing, Surabaya, 2015, pp. 20-27.

Saaty, T.L. The analytic hierarchy process: planning, priority setting, resource allocation. McGraw-Hill Book Co, New York 287, 1980.

Y. Lin, “A comparison study on Natural and Head/tail Breaks involving digital elevation models,” Student Thesis, University of Gävle, Faculty of Engineering and Sustainable Development, Department of Industrial Development, IT and Land Management., 2013.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30630/joiv.3.2.222

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


JOIV : International Journal on Informatics Visualization
Published by Information Technology Department
Politeknik Negeri Padang, Indonesia

© JOIV - ISSN : 2549-9610 | e-ISSN : 2549-9904 

Phone : +62-82386434344
Email  : hidraamnur@live.com | hidra@pnp.ac.id


Creative Commons License is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats