Enabling Key Technologies and Emerging Research Challenges Ahead of 5G Networks: An Extensive Survey

C. Amali, B. Ramachandran

Abstract


The evolution towards 5G networks is expected to slake the growing thirst of internet traffic with improved Quality of Service (QoS) and reduced energy consumption and cost. The increased penetration of smart devices and induction of arising multimedia applications, together with high quality video services are already crafting a milestone on existing cellular networks. These surging demands dictate that radical enhancements need to be made in cellular architecture to drift towards ultra-dense networks. The 5G system is envisioned to achieve improved data rate, increased capacity, decreased latency, and enhanced spectral efficiency in order to provide technical solution for the challenges behind the cellular networks. Thus, the 5G era is emerging to quench the increasing demand for network capacity, to manage explosive growth of traffic patterns and to face the challenges caused by the proliferation of versatile applications and high-end devices. In this paper, we make a broad survey on 5G cellular network architecture and some of the promising key technologies such as cloud RAN (Radio Access Network), Software-Defined Networking (SDN), Network Function Virtualization (NFV) and modulation formats. Finally, this ground-breaking survey highlights major existing research issues and possible future research directions in the next new era of mobile wireless networks.

Keywords


5G networks; cellular network architecture; key emerging technologies; technical solution

References


“More than 50 billion connected devices, Ericsson, Plano, TX, USA, White Paper, 2011.

Ericsson Mobility Report: On the Pulse of the Networked Society, Ericsson, 2015. Available:http://www.ericsson.com/res/docs/2015/ericsson-mobility-report-june-2015.pdf.

Cisco. Visual networking index: Global mobile data traffic forecast update 2012–2017, Feb.2013.

[Online].Available:www.cisco.com/en/US/solutions/collateral/ns341/ns525/ns537/ns705/ns827/white paper-c11-520862.html

Cisco, Visual Networking Index, white paper [Online]. Available:www.Cisco.com, Feb. 2015.

Actix. (2013). Data growth will transform mobile infrastructure by 2015 [Online]. Available: www.emlwildfire.com/primages/actssmallcells 2015.

Sukhdeep Singh, Navrati Saxena, Abhishek Roy and HanSeok Kim., “ A Survey on 5G network Technologies from Social Perspective”, IETE Tech.Rev., 2016, 34(1), 30-39.

A. Osseiran et al., “ The Foundation of the Mobile and Wireless Communications System for 2020 and Beyond: Challenges, Enablers and Technology Solutions”, in Proc. IEEE VTC, 2013, pp. 1–5.

Hafiz Atta Ul Mustafa, Muhammad Ali Imran, Muhammad Zeeshan Shakir, Ali Imran, Rahim Tafazolli., “Separation Framework: An Enabler for Cooperative and D2D Communication for Future 5G Networks”, IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tuts, 2016, 18(1), 419 – 445.

X. Zhang, J. Zhang, W. Wang, Y. Zhang, C. I, Z. Pan, G. Li, Y. Chen., “Macro-assisted data-only carrier for 5G green cellular systems”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2015,53 (5) , 223–231.

NTT Docomo ., “5G Radio Access : Requirements, Concepts Technologies, white paper, 2015.

Nokia Networks., “Looking ahead to 5G: Building a Virtual Zero Latency Gigabit Experience, White paper, 2014.

E. Oh, K. Son and B. Krishnamachari., “Dynamic base station switching on/ off strategies for green cellular networks”, IEEE Trans. Wirel. Commun., 2013,12 (5), 2126–2136.

K. Au, L. Zhang, H. Nikopour, E. Yi, A. Bayesteh, U. Vilaipornsawai, J.Ma, P. Zhu., “Uplink Contention Based SCMA For 5G Radio Access”, IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops, 2014, pp. 900–905.

W. Nam, D. Bai, J. Lee and I. Kang., “Advanced Interference Management For 5G Cellular Networks”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 52 (5), 52–60.

Tao Chen, Marja Matinmikko, Xianfu Chen, Xuan Zhou, and Petri Ahokangas., “Software Defined Mobile Networks: Concept, Survey, and Research Directions”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2015, 53(11),126-133.

L. Gao, J. Acharya and S. Gaur., “ Heterogeneous networks: Theory and Standardization”, Proc. of IEEE Wireless Commun. and Netw. Conference (WCNC 2013), Shangai, China, 2013, pp.7-10.

Roh, W., “5G mobile communications for 2020 and beyond: Vision and key enabling technologies”, Key note: at IEEE WCNC, 2014.

Maria Rita Palattella,et.al., “Internet of Things in the 5G Era: Enablers, Architecture, and Business Models”, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Commun., 2016, 34(3), 510-527.

T.S. Rappaport, W. Roh and K. Cheun., “Wireless Engineers long considered High Frequencies Worthless for Cellular Systems, They couldn’t be more wrong”, IEEE Spectrum, 2014, 51(9), 34-58.

PengfeiHu et.al., “Survey on fog computing: architecture, key technologies, applications and open issues”, Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 2017, 98, 27-42.

F. Khan, Z. Pi, S. Rajagopal., “Millimeter-wave Mobile Broadband with Large Scale Spatial Processing For 5G Mobile Communication”, Communication, Control, and Computing (Allerton), 50th Annual Allerton Conference, 2012, pp. 1517-1523.

Marco Giordani, Marco Mezzavilla, and Michele Zorzi., “Initial Access in 5G mmWave Cellular Networks”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2016, 54(11), 40-47.

G - Infrastructure Public-Private Partnership 2013. [Online]. Available: http://5g-ppp.eu/

G Forum, “Make it Happen: creating new values together”, [Online], Available: http://www.5gforum.org/

P. Pirinen., “A Brief Overview of 5G Research Activities”, Proc. of 1st International Conference on 5G for Ubiquitous Connectivity (5GU), 2014, pp.17-22.

F. Boccardi, R.W. Heath, A. Lozano, T.L. Marzetta, P. Popovski., “Five Disruptive Technology Directions For 5G”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 52(2), 74-80.

S. Chen and J. Zhao., “The Requirements, Challenges, and Technologies for 5G of Terrestrial Mobile Telecommunication”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 52(5), 36-43.

L. Gavrilovska, V. Rakovic, V. Atanasovski., “Visions towards 5G: Technical requirements and Potential Enablers”, Wirel. Pers. Commun., 2016,87 (3), 731-757.

C. I, C. Rowell, S. Han, Z. Xu, G. Li, Z. Pan., “Toward Green and Soft: a 5G Perspective”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 52 (2),66–73.

Shunqing Zhang, et.al., “Fundamental Green Tradeoffs: Progresses, Challenges, and Impacts on 5G Networks”, IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tuts., 2017, 19(1), 33-56.

P.K. Agyapong, M. Iwamura, D. Staehle, W. Kiess, A. Benjebbour., “Design Considerations for a 5G Network Architecture”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 52 (11), 65–75.

Abdelrahim Mohamed, Oluwakayode Onireti, Muhammad Ali Imran, Ali Imran, Rahim Tafazolli., “Control-Data Separation Architecture for Cellular Radio Access Networks: A Survey and Outlook”, IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tuts., 2016,18(1), 446 – 465.

S.M. Abd El-atty, Z.M. Gharsseldien., “On performance of HetNet with Coexisting Small Cell Technology”, Proc. of IEEE Conference on Wireless and Mobile Networking, 2013, pp. 1-8.

J. G. Andrews, H. Claussen, M. Dohler, S. Rangan and M.C.Reed., “Femtocells: Past, Present and Future”, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Commun., 2012, 30(3), 497-508.

N. Bhushan, L. Junyi, D. Malladi, R. Gilmore, D. Brenner, A. Damnjanovic, R. Sukhavasi, C. Patel and S. Geirhofer., “Network Densification: The Dominant Theme for Wireless Evolution into 5G”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 52 (2), 82-89.

M. Iwamura., “NGMN View on 5G architecture. Proc. of IEEE 81st Veh. Technol. Conf. (VTC Spring), Glasgow, Scotland, 2015, pp. 1-5.

J. G. Andrews., “Seven Ways that HetNets are a Cellular Paradigm Shift”, IEEE Commun. Mag.,2013, 51(3), 136–144.

Mugen Peng, Yong Li, Zhongyuan Zhao, Chonggang Wang., “System Architecture and Key Technologies for 5G Heterogeneous Cloud Radio Access Networks”, IEEE Network., 2015, 29(2), 6 – 14.

J. G. Andrews, S. Singh, Q. Ye, X. Lin, and H. S. Dhillon ., “An overview of load balancing in HetNets: Old myths and open problems”, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun.,2014, 21(2), 18–25.

Z. Wang, H. Li, H. Wang, S. Ci., “Probability Weighted Based Spectral Resources Allocation Algorithm in Hetnets under Cloud-RAN architecture. Proc. of International Conference on Communications, China- Workshops, 2013, pp. 88-92.

O. Galinina, S. Andreev, M. Gerasimenko, Y. Koucheryavy, N. Himayat, S.P. Yeh, S. Talwar ., “Capturing Spatial Randomness of Heterogeneous Cellular/WLAN Deployments with Dynamic Traffic”, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Commun., 2014,32(6), 1083-1099.

R. Jain, A. Durresi, and S. Paul., “Future Internet architectures”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 49(7), 24–25.

Future Internet-PPP. (2013). [Online]. Available: http://www. fi-ppp.eu/

Martin Maier, Mahfuzulhoq Chowdhury,et.al., “The Tactile Internet: Vision, Recent Progress, and Open Challenges”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2016, 54(5), 138-145.

S. Hanly and P. Whiting., “On the capacity of HetNets”, Proc. of Information Theory and Applications,2014, pp. 1–9.

Z. Roth et al., “Vision and Architecture Supporting Wireless Gbit/Sec/Km Capacity Density Deployments”, Proc. of Future Netw. Mobile Summit, 2010, pp. 1-7.

Ali Y. Al-Zahrani, F. Richard Yu, and Minyi Huang ., “A Joint Cross-Layer and Colayer Interference Management Scheme in Hyperdense Heterogeneous Networks Using Mean-Field Game Theory”, IEEE Trans. on Veh. Tech.,2016, 65(3), 1522-1535.

C. Kosta, B. Hunt, A. Quddus, and R. Tafazolli ., “On Interference Avoidance through Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (ICIC) Based On OFDMA Mobile Systems”, IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts., 2013, 15(3), 973–995.

Selcuk Bassoy, et.al., “Coordinated Multi-Point Clustering Schemes: A Survey”, IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts., 2017,19(2) , 743-764.

V. Jungnickel et al. ., “The role of Small Cells, Coordinated Multipoint and Massive MIMO in 5G”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 52(5), 44-51.

Dantong Liu, Lifeng Wang, Yue Chen, Maged Elkashlan and Kai-Kit Wong., “User Association in 5G Networks: A Survey and an Outlook”, IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts., 2016, 18(2), 1018-1044.

Abdelrahim Mohamed et.al.., “Control-Data Separation Architecture for Cellular Radio Access Networks: A Survey and Outlook”, IEEE Commun. Surveys Tuts., 2016,18(1), 446-465.

S. Talwar, D. Choudhury, K. Dimou, E. Aryafar, B. Bangerter, K. Stewart., “Enabling Technologies and Architectures For 5G Wireless”, Proc. of Microwave Symposium (IMS), MTT-S International, 2014, pp: 1-4.

Chungang Yang, Jiandong Li,et.al.., “Advanced Spectrum Sharing in 5G Cognitive Heterogeneous Networks”, IEEE Wirel. Commun., 2016, 23(2), 94-101.

Yi Zhong, Tony Q. S. Quek, and Xiaohu Ge., “Heterogeneous Cellular Networks With Spatio-Temporal Traffic: Delay Analysis and Scheduling”, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Commun., 2017, 35(6), 1373- 1386.

X. Ge, H. Cheng, M. Guizani, T. Han., “5G Wireless Backhaul Networks: Challenges and Research Advances”, IEEE Netw., 2014, 28 (6), 6–11.

Angeliki Alexiou., “Wireless World 2020: Radio Interface Challenges and Technology Enablers”, IEEE Veh. Tech., Mag., 2014, 9(1), 46 – 53.

C. J. Bernardos, A. De Domenico, J. Ortin, P. Rost, and D. Wubben., “Challenges of Designing Jointly the Backhaul and Radio Access Network in a Cloud-Based Mobile Network”, Proc. of Future Netw. Mobile Summit (FutureNetworkSummit), 2013, pp. 1-10.

C. Wang, F. Haider, X. Gao, X. You, Y. Yang, D. Yuan, H.M. Aggoune, H. Haas, S. Fletcher, E. Hepsaydir., “Cellular Architecture and Key Technologies For 5G Wireless Communication Networks”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 52 (2), 122–130.

D. C. Chen, T. Q. S. Quek, and M. Kountouris ., “Wireless Backhaul in Small Cell Networks: Modelling and Analysis”, Proc. of IEEE Veh. Technol.Conf. (VTC), 2014, pp. 1-6.

G. Zhang, T. Q. S. Quek, M. Kountouris, A. Huang, and H. Shan., “Fundamentals of Heterogeneous Backhaul Design, Analysis and Optimization”, IEEE Trans. Commun.,2016, 64(2), 876-889.

W. Wang, Q. Zhang., “Local Cooperation Architecture for Self-Healing Femto cell Networks”, IEEE Wirel. Commun., 2014, 21 (2), 42–49.

X. Duan, X. Wang., “Authentication Handover and Privacy Protection in 5G Hetnets Using Software-Defined Networking”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2015, 53 (4), 28–35.

C.Amali , Dhanasree Jayaprakash and B.Ramachandran., “Enhanced Media Independent Network Selection for Heterogeneous Wireless Networks”, IETE Tech. Rev., 2014, 31(5),392-401.

H. Song, X. Fang, L. Yan., “Handover scheme for 5G C/U Plane Split Heterogeneous Network in High-Speed Railway”, IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., 2014, 63 (9), 4633–4646.

S. Azodolmolky, P. Wieder, and R. Yahyapour., “Cloud Computing Networking: Challenges and Opportunities for Innovations”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2013, 51(7), 54–62.

T. Taleb., “Toward Carrier Cloud: Potential, Challenges, and Solutions”, IEEE Wireless Commun., 2014, 21(3), 80–91.

F. Bonomi et al.., “Fog Computing and Its Role in the Internet of Things”, Proc. of ACM MCC Wksp. Mobile Cloud Computing, 2012, pp. 13–16.

P. Rost, C. J. Bernardos, A. De Domenico, M. Di Girolamo, M. Lalam, A. Maeder, D. Sabella, and D. Wübben., “Cloud technologies for flexible 5G radio access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 52(5), 68–76.

A. Checko, H.L. Christiansen, Y. Yan, L. Scolari, G. Kardaras, M.S. Berger, L.Dittmann ., “Cloud RAN for mobile networks-a technology overview”, IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tuts., 2015, 17(1), 405-426.

Sabella, D., Rost, P., Sheng, Y., Pateromichelakis, E., Salim, U., Guitton-Ouhamou, P., et al.., “RAN as a service: Challenges of designing a flexible RAN architecture in a cloud-based heterogeneous mobile network”, Proc. of Future network and mobile summit (Future Network Summit), 2013, pp. 1–8.

Haijun Zhang, Yanjie Dong,et.al.., “Front hauling for 5G LT E-U Ultra Dense Cloud Small Cell Networks”, IEEE Wirel. Commun., 2016, 23(6), 48-53.

N. Cvijetic., “Optical network evolution for 5G mobile applications and SDN-based control”, Proc. of International Telecommunications Network Strategy and Planning Symposium, 2014, pp. 1-5.

Rui Wang, Honglin Hu, and Xiumei Yang., “Potentials and Challenges of C-RAN Supporting Multi-RATs Toward 5G Mobile Networks”, IEEE Access on Recent Advances in Cloud Radio Access Networks., 2014, 2, 1187-1195.

D. Wake, A. Nkansah, and N. J. Gomes ., “Radio over Fiber Link Design for Next Generation Wireless Systems”, IEEE/OSA J. Light wave Technol., 2010, 28(16), 2456–2464.

X. Zhou, Z. Zhao, R. Li, Y. Zhou, T. Chen, Z. Niu, H. Zhang., “Toward 5G: When Explosive Bursts Meet Soft Cloud”, IEEE Netw., 2014, 28 (6), 12–17.

K. Chen, C. Cui, Y. Huang, and B. Huang., “C-RAN: A green RAN framework,” Proc. of Green Communications: Theoretical Fundamentals, Algorithms and Applications. CRC Press, 2013, pp. 279–304.

Stefano Buzzi, Chih-Lin I,et.al.., “A Survey of Energy-Efficient Techniques for 5G Networks and Challenges Ahead”, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Commun., 2016, 34(4), 697-709.

G. Li, S. Zhang, X. Yang, F. Liao, T. Ngai, S. Zhang, and K. Chen., “Architecture of GPP based, scalable, large-scale C-RAN BBU pool”, Proc. of Int. Workshop Cloud Base-Station Large-Scale Cooperative Communications, IEEE GLOBECOM 2012 Workshops, Anaheim, CA, 2012, pp. 267–272.

C.X. Mavromoustakis, A. Bourdena, G. Mastorakis, E. Pallis, G.Kormentzas ., “An Energy-Aware Scheme For Efficient Spectrum Utilization in a 5G Mobile Cognitive Radio Network Architecture”, Telecommun. Syst., 2015, 59 (1), 63–75.

J. Liu, T. Zhao, S. Zhou, Y. Cheng, Z. Niu ., “CONCERT: a Cloud-Based Architecture for Next-Generation Cellular Systems”, IEEE Wirel.Commun., 2014, 21(6), 14–22.

N. Zhang, N. Cheng, A.T. Gamage, K. Zhang, J.W. Mark, X. Shen ., “Cloud assisted HetNets toward 5G Wireless Networks”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2015, 53(6), 59-65.

Nikos Bizanis And Fernando A. Kuipers., “SDN and Virtualization Solutions for the Internet of Things: A Survey”, IEEE Access, 2016, 4, 5591-5606.

Software-Defined Networking, the New Norm for Networks, Apr. 2012. [Online]. Available: http://www.opennetworking.org

A. Gudipati et al., “SoftRAN: Software Defined Radio Access Network.Proc. of 2nd ACM SIGCOMM Wksp. Hot Topics in Software Defined Networking, 2013, pp. 25–30.

B.A.A. Nunes et al ., A Survey of Software-Defined Networking: Past, Present, and Future of Programmable Networks,” IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tuts., 2014, 16(3), 1617–34.

M. Palkovic et al., “Future Software-Defined Radio Platforms and Mapping Flows”, IEEE Signal Proc. Mag., 2010, 23(4), 22–33.

S. Sezer et al., “Are we ready for SDN? Implementation Challenges for Software-Defined Networks”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2013, 51(7), 36–43.

Bernardos et al.., “An Architecture for Software Defined Wireless Networking”, IEEE Wireless Commun., 2014, 21(3), 52–61.

Lara, A. Kolasani, B. Ramamurthy., “Network innovation using open flow: A survey”, IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tuts., 2014, 16(1), 493-512.

H.H. Cho, C.F. Lai, T.K. Shih, H.C. Chao ., “Integration of SDR and SDN for 5G”, IEEE Access, 2014, 2, 1196-1204.

Songlin Sun, Liang Gong, Bo Rong, and Kejie Lu ., “An Intelligent SDN Framework for 5G Heterogeneous Networks”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2015, 3(11), 142-147.

E. Bjornson, R. Zakhour, D. Gesbert, and B. Ottersten ., “Cooperative multicell precoding: Rate Region Characterization and Distributed Strategies with Instantaneous and Statistical CSI”, IEEE Trans. Signal Proc., 2010, 58(8), 4298–4310.

R. Trivisonno et al., “SDN-Based 5G Mobile Networks: Architecture, Functions, Procedures and Backward Compatibility”, Trans. Emerging Telecommun. Tech., 2015, 26(1), 82–92.

M. Arslan, K. Sundaresan, and S. Rangarajan ., “Software- Defined Networking in Cellular Radio Access Networks: Potential and Challenges”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2015, 53(1), 150–56.

B. Han et al., “Network Function Virtualization: Challenges and Opportunities for Innovations”, IEEE Commun.Mag., 2015, 53(2), 90–97.

[

B. Bangerter et al., “Networks and Devices for the 5G Era”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 52(2), 90–96.

Network Function Virtualization- An Introduction, Benefit, Enablers, Challenges and Call for Action, whitepaper, Oct.2012.

Panagiotis Demestichas et.al ., “5G on the Horizon: Key Technologies for the Radio Access Network”, IEEE Veh. Tech. Mag., 2013, 8(3), 47-53.

David Muirhead, Muhammad Ali Imran,and Kamran Arshad ., “A Survey of the Challenges, Opportunities and Use of Multiple Antennas in Current and Future 5G Small Cell Base Stations”, IEEE Access, 2016, 4, 2952-2964.

J. Kim, H.W. Lee, S. Chong., “Virtual cell Beam forming in Cooperative Networks”, IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Commun.,2014, 32(6), 1126-1138.

W. Roh, J.Y. Seol, J. Park, B. Lee, J. Lee, Y. Kim, J. Cho, K. Cheun, F. Aryanfar., “Millimeter-wave Beamforming as an Enabling Technology for 5G Cellular Communications: Theoretical Feasibility and Prototype Results”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 52(2), 106-113.

Mamta Agiwal, Abhishek Roy and Navrati Saxena., “Next Generation 5G Wireless Networks: A Comprehensive Survey”, IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tuts., 2016, 18 (3), 1617 – 1655.

P. Xia, S.K. Yong, J. Oh, and C. Ngo., “A practical SDMA protocol for 60 GHz Millimeter Wave Communications”, Proc. of 42nd Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems and Computers, 2008, pp. 2019-2023.

L. Lu, G.Y. Li, A.L. Swindlehurst, A. Ashikhmin, R. Zhang, R., “An overview of massive MIMO: Benefits and Challenges”, IEEE Journal on Sel. Areas in Commun., 2014, 8(5), 742-758.

Jinyoung Jang, et.al., “Smart Small Cell with Hybrid Beamforming for 5G: Theoretical Feasibility and Prototype Results”, IEEE Wireless Commun., 2016, 23(6),124-131.

Mansoor Shafi, Andreas F. Molisch,et.al. ., “5G: A Tutorial Overview of Standards, Trials, Challenges, Deployment, and Practice”, IEEE Journal on Sel. Areas in Commun., 2017, 35(6), 1201-1221.

Zizheng Cao.et.al., “Advanced Integration Techniques on Broadband Millimeter-Wave Beam Steering for 5G Wireless Networks and Beyond”, IEEE Journal of Quantum Electr., 2016, 52(1), 1-7.

T. S. Rappaport et al.., “Millimeter wave mobile communications for 5G cellular: It will work!.”, IEEE Access, 2013,1, 335–349.

A.Ghosh, T.A.Thomas, M.C.Cudak, R.Ratasuk, P.Moorut, F.W.Vook, T.S.Rappaport, G.R.MacCartney, Shu Sun, Shuai Nie ., “Millimeter-Wave Enhanced Local Area Systems: A High-Data-Rate Approach for Future Wireless Networks”, IEEE Journal on Sel. Areas in Commun., 2014, 32(6),1152-1163.

E. Larsson, O. Edfors, F. Tufvesson, T. Marzetta., “Massive MIMO for Next Generation Wireless Systems”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2014, 52(2), 186-195.

H. Q. Ngo, E. G. Larsson, and T. L. Marzetta ., “Energy and Spectral Efficiency of Very Large Multiuser MIMO systems”, IEEE Trans. Commun., 2013, 61(4), 1436–1449.

Y. Mehmood, W. Afzal, F. Ahmad, U. Younas, I. Rashid, I. Mehmood ., “Large scaled multi-user MIMO system so called massive MIMO systems for Future Wireless Communication Networks”, Proc. of International Conference on Automation and Computing, 2013, pp. 1-4.

Z. Xiang, M. Tao, X. Wang., “Massive MIMO multicasting in Non-Cooperative Cellular Networks”, IEEE Journal on Sel. Areas in Commun., 2014, 32(6), 1180-1193.

J. Hoydis, S. ten Brink, and M. Debbah., “Massive MIMO in the UL/DL of cellular networks: How many antennas do we need?.”, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., 2013, 31(2), 160–171.

Olakunle Elijah et.al., “A Comprehensive Survey of Pilot Contamination in Massive MIMO-5G System”, IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tuts., 2016, 18(2), 905-923.

W. Liu, S. Han, C. Yang, C. Sun., “Massive MIMO or small cell network: Who is more Energy Efficient?.”, Proc. of IEEE Wireless Commun. and Netw. Conference Workshops, 2013, pp. 24-29.

E. Björnson, L. Sanguinetti, J. Hoydis, and M. Debbah ., “Optimal design of energy-efficient multi-user MIMO systems: Is massive MIMO the answer?.”, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., 2015, 14(6), 3059-3075.

Feng Zheng,et.al. ., “An Efficient CSI Feedback Scheme for Dual-Polarized MIMO Systems Using Layered Multi-Paths Information”, China Commun., 2017, 14(5), 91-104.

L. Sanguinetti, A.L. Moustakas, M.Debbah ., “Interference management in 5G reverse TDD HetNets with Wireless Backhaul: A Large System Analysis”, IEEE Journal on Sel. Areas in Commun., 2015, 33(6), 1187-1200.

Anqi He, Lifeng Wang, Yue Chen, Kai-Kit Wong, and Maged Elkashlan., “Uplink Interference Management in Massive MIMO Enabled Heterogeneous Cellular Networks”, IEEE Wireless Commun. Letters, 2016, 5(5), 560-563.

Shanzhi Chen,et.al., “Adaptive Beamforming in TDD-Based Mobile Communication Systems: State of the Art and 5G Research Directions”, IEEE Wireless Commun., 2016, 23(6), 81-87.

Vidhya Sridhar, Thibaud Gabillard, and Athanassios Manikas., “Spatiotemporal-MIMO Channel Estimator and Beamformer for 5G”, IEEE Trans. on Wireless Commun., 2016, 15(12), 8025-8038.

G. Andrews, S. Buzzi, W. Choi, S. Hanly, A. Lozano, A. C.K. Soong, and J. C. Zhang ., “What will 5G be?.”, IEEE J. Select. Areas in Commun., 2014, 32(6), 1065–1082.

Akhil Gupta and Rakesh Kumar Jha ., “A Survey of 5G Network: Architecture and Emerging Technologies”, IEEE Access, 2015, 3, 1206-1232.

Y. Li and G. Stüber, Eds.., “Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing for Wireless Communications, Boston, MA, USA: Springer,2006.

T. Hwang, C. Yang, G. Wu, S. Li, and G. Ye Li ., “OFDM and its Wireless Applications: A Survey. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol., 2009, 58(4), 1673–1694.

M. Morelli., “Timing and frequency synchronization for the uplink of an OFDMA system. IEEE Trans. Commun., 2004, 52(2), 296–306.

H. Ochiai and H. Imai., “On the distribution of the peak-to-average power ratio in OFDM signals. IEEE Trans. Commun., 2001, 49(2), 282–289.

Ertugrul Basar., “On Multiple-Input Multiple-Output OFDM with Index Modulation for Next Generation Wireless Networks”, IEEE Trans. On Signal Proc., 2016, 64(15), 3868-3878.

R. Irmer, H. Droste, P. Marsch, M.Grieger, G. Fettweis, S. Brueck, H.-P.Mayer, L. Thiele, and V. Jungnickel ., “Coordinated multipoint: Concepts, Performance, and Field Trial Results”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2011, 49(2), 102–111.

K. Lee, S.-R. Lee, S.-H. Moon, and I. Lee., “MMSE-based CFO compensation for uplink OFDMA Systems with Conjugate Gradient. IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., 2012, 11(8), 2767–2775.

S. Hong et al., “Frequency and Quadrature-Amplitude Modulation for Downlink Cellular OFDMA Networks”, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., 2014, 32(6), 1256-1267.

D. Huang and K. B. Letaief ., “An Interference-Cancellation Scheme for Carrier Frequency Offsets Correction in OFDMA systems”, IEEE Trans. Commun., 2005, 53(7), 1155–1165.

H. Saeedi-Sourck, Y. Wu, J. W. M. Bergmans, S. Sadri, and B. Farhang-Boroujeny., “Complexity and Performance Comparison of Filter Bank Multicarrier and OFDM in Uplink of Multicarrier Multiple Access Networks”, IEEE Trans. Signal Process, 2011, 59(4), 1907–1912.

Behrouz Farhang-Boroujeny and Hussein Moradi., “OFDM Inspired Waveforms for 5G”, IEEE Commun. Surveys & Tuts., 2016, 18(4), 2474-2492.

S. N. Premnath, D. Wasden, S. Kasera, N. Patwari, and B. Farhang-Boroujeny., “Beyond OFDM: Best-effort Dynamic Spectrum Access Using Filter bank Multicarrier”, IEEE/ACM Trans. Netw., 2013, 21(3), 869–882.

B. Farhang-Boroujeny., “OFDM versus filter bank multicarrier”, IEEE Signal Proc. Mag., 2011, 28(3), 92–112.

M. Payaró, A. Pascual-Iserte, and M. Najar., “Performance comparison between FBMC and OFDM in MIMO systems under Channel Uncertainty”, Proc. of Eur. Wireless Conf. (EW), Lucca, Italy, 2010, pp. 1023–1030.

T. Ihalainen, A. Ikhlef, J. Louveaux, and M. Renfors., “Channel equalization for multi-antenna FBMC/OQAM receivers. IEEE Trans. Veh. Tech., 2011, 60(5), 2070–2085.

J.-B. Dore, V. Berg, D. Ktenas., “Performance of FBMC Multiple Access for Relaxed Synchronization Cellular Networks”, IEEE Globe Com Workshop on Broadband Wireless Access, Austin, TX, USA, 2014, pp. 983 – 988.

G. Fettweis, M. Krondorf, and S. Bittner., “GFDM—Generalized frequency division multiplexing”, Proc. of IEEE 69th Veh. Technol. Conf. (VTC), Barcelona, Spain, 2009, pp. 1–4.

M. Matthe, L. L. Mendes, and G. Fettweis., “Generalized Frequency Division Multiplexing in a Gabor Transform Setting”, IEEE Commun. Lett., 2014, 18(8), 1379–1382.

N. Michailow, I. Gaspar, S. Krone, M. Lentmaier, G. Fettweis., “Generalized Frequency Division Multiplexing: Analysis of an Alternative Multicarrier Technique for Next Generation Cellular Systems”, Proc. of International Symposium on Wireless Communication Systems, Paris, France, 2012, pp. 171-175.

N. Michailow et al.., “Generalized Frequency Division Multiplexing For 5th Generation Cellular Networks”, IEEE Trans. Commun., 2014, 62(9), 3045–3061.

H. Lin and P. Siohan., “An advanced multi-carrier modulation for future radio systems”, Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. Acoust. Speech Signal Process. (ICASSP), Florence, Italy, 2014, pp. 8097–8101.

V. Vakilian, T. Wild, F. Schaich, S. ten Brink, and J.-F. Frigon., “Universal-Filtered Multi-Carrier Technique for Wireless Systems beyond LTE”, Proc. of IEEE Globecom Workshops (GC Wkshps), Atlanta, GA, USA, 2013, pp. 223–228.

T. Wild, F. Schaich, and Y. Chen., “5G Air Interface Design based on universal filtered (UF-OFDM) “, Proc. 19th Int. Conf. Digit. Signal Process. (DSP), Hong Kong, 2014, pp. 699–704.

F. Schaich and T. Wild., “Relaxed Synchronization Support of Universal Filtered Multi-Carrier including Autonomous Timing Advance”, Proc. of 11th Int. Symp. Wireless Commun. Syst. (ISWCS), Barcelona, Spain, 2014, pp. 203–208.

E. Basar, U. Aygolu, E. Panayirci, and H. V. Poor., “Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing with Index Modulation”, IEEE Trans. Signal Proc., 2013, 61(22), 5536–5549.

E. Basar., “OFDM with Index Modulation Using Coordinate Interleaving”, IEEE Wireless Commun., Lett., 2015, 4(4), 381–384.

R. Fan, Y. Yu, and Y. Guan., “Generalization of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing with Index Modulation”, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., 2015, 14(10), 5350–5359.

M. Wen et al., “On the Achievable Rate of OFDM with Index Modulation”, IEEE Trans. Signal Proc., 2016, 64(8), 1919–1932.

Ertugrul Basar., “Index Modulation Techniques for 5G Wireless Networks”, IEEE Commun. Mag., 2016, 54(7), 168-175.

Yinsheng Liu et.al., “Waveform Design for 5G Networks: Analysis and Comparison”, IEEE Access, 2017, PP(99), 1-9., y

Van Minh Nguyen, Member, IEEE, and Marios Kountouris., “Performance Limits of Network Densification”, IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun.,2017, 35(6), 1294-1308.

Mona Jaber,et.al., “5G Backhaul Challenges and emerging Research Directions: A Survey”, IEEE Access, 2016, 4, 1743-1766.

Gongzheng Zhang, Tony Q. S. Quek,et.al., “Fundamentals of Heterogeneous Backhaul Design-Analysis and Optimization”, IEEE Trans. on Commun., 2016, 64(2), 876-889.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30630/joiv.2.3.128

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

JOIV : International Journal on Informatics Visualization
Published by Information Technology Department
Politeknik Negeri Padang, Indonesia

© JOIV - ISSN : 2549-9610 | e-ISSN : 2549-9904 

Phone : +62-82386434344
Email  : hidraamnur@live.com | hidra@pnp.ac.id
              fazrolpnp@gmail.com


Creative Commons License is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats